The agriculture and food sector is facing multiple challenges. With the global population projected to grow from 7.6 billion in 2018 to over 9.6 billion in 2050, there will be a significant increase in the demand for food. At the same time, the availability of natural resources such as fresh water and productive arable land is becoming increasingly constrained. This will require an urgent transformation of the current agrifood system. Digital innovations and technologies may be part of the solution. The so-called 'Fourth Industrial Revolution(Industry 4.0) is seeing several sectors rapidly transformed by 'disruptive' digital technologies such as the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and Computer Vision. This course covered several milestone problems for future agriculture, like: - data science for detection of harmful plants, and/or yield prediction; - plants grow prediction and plant recognition for greenhouses.